Intrauterine Insemination: Is It The Apt Fertility Method?

Intrauterine insemination is a type of insemination that has been conducted for decades and many women have tried this option before opting the IVF procedure. It’s always said that many factors determine the best treatment for any given patient but do not forget to examine all possibilities. When we talk about In vitro fertilization it is the last resort for the infertility treatment and is believed to be the most effective one

What Is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?

Intrauterine Insemination is a fertility method in which sperm are installed immediately into the uterus using a catheter progressed through the cervix. In this fertility procedure, the sperm that has been washed in a laboratory are checked and the most active sperm are placed directly into the uterus using a catheter.
The insemination is carried out at or just before a woman is ovulating. It can be performed even during a natural cycle or one in which oral or injectable ovarian stimulation fertility medicines are utilized. IUI is often recommended by doctors as one of the first fertility treatments which are relatively simple, cheaper and increases fertility rates when performed with ovarian stimulation.

Who Is A Good Candidate For IUI?

Different circumstances hitting both women and men make IUI a good primary option.
In women IUI is often the first approach considered for the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or other ovulation problems because fertility medications make cycles more regular. With IUI there are improved chances of pregnancies in women with mild endometriosis or unexplained impotence.
It is also considered as one of the best options for women with cervical abnormalities including cutting from prior surgery or abnormal growth of the cervix or vagina. These anomalies can weaken the passage of sperm from the vagina to the uterus. IUI is frequently suggested for overweight or obese women.
The procedure is a good option for women who have at least one unblocked and understandably normal fallopian tube. The procedure is also useful for a female with a healthy uterine cavity. Even a woman having normal ovulation with or without the help of pregnancy medicine can opt the IUI procedure and those who have a reasonable number of healthy eggs.

In Male Problems:

IUI is a great alternative if a partner has average sperm or mild male infertility factor which constitute below-average sperm count, motility difficulties or mildly abnormal sperm morphology. It is also effective if there are ejaculation problems. IUI is not usually successful with severe male fertility.
IUI is also a good choice after male fertility safety for men who have frozen their sperm before cancer medication or surgery that might affect their productivity. This only interest, however, if their female partner is a good candidate for IUI and if there’s an adequate quantity of frozen sperm ready to use for IUI. IUI has often been used by couples where the man has a hereditary defect that is contrived by utilizing donor sperm.

Who Else Can Get Benefit Out Of IUI?

The procedure is also a good alternative for those without fertility difficulties, including same-sex pair and single women, who require to use donor sperm. Lesbian couples usually use IUI with donor sperm to get their offspring. In the case of Male couples, they may use their sperm and have their gestational carrier (surrogate) use IUI.

What Are The Benefits, Limitations, And Risks Of IUI?

The IUI method is comparatively safe, easy and non-invasive and is also much more lasting and less costly than IVF. The major drawback of IUI is the significantly lower active birth rate than IVF. Taking fertility drugs is reliable, there can be side effects like if one consumes clomiphene it can cause headaches, hot flashes, and fluid swings and mood swings in some cases.
Talking about the risk factor associated with IUI when executed with ovarian stimulation is multiple pregnancies. Multiples carry uncertainties for mother and babies including premature birth, disability, infant mortality, and health issues for the mother.

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